Water Removal

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Water Removal

Professional Guide On Water Damage Restoration & Moisture Damage Removal

Best Practices of Water Removal, Damage Restoration, Remediation and Safety

If there is one disaster that may strike any home in almost any climate or in any altitude, it’s flood damage. There are so many causes that it’s always a risk. It could be from burst or leaking pipes, sewer line problems or perhaps from rain or snowfall. No matter what causes it, flood damage may lead to major damage. 

Water damage restoration professionals can help get any property that is flooded back to normal and repair the damage. There are many regulations and laws which govern water damage recovery. These are in place after the recovery and repair process is finished so that building occupants, business owners, and homeowners may feel safe.

Types of Water Damage

The very best practices of water damage restoration remediation and security are summarized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). They administer the accreditation of the International Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC). 

The IICRC document outlines the principles behind water damage restoration and safe. This includes the measures that a contractor must take along with the references for the sources supporting the criteria. This is more a foundation for those principles. It is not meant to offer a detailed process for water damage restoration.

As mentioned, there are numerous potential causes of flooding and water damage. It may be a plumbing problem, such as a burst water line or pipe, a sewer line backup, which may result in wastewater or blackwater into a building, or a natural disaster that causes flooding on the property. Water damage can be put into one of three categories. These are based on how much pollution there is in the water which has caused the harm. Here is a rundown of those categories.

Category 1: 

The first category relates to water that’s usually sanitary and could be safely consumed by someone. There is no threat of illness or disease if it touched, is ingested or inhaled. Sources of water for this classification may include rainwater, sprinkler systems or any kind of water that is fresh.

Category 2: 

For this category, the water can possibly cause a person to get sick were they to ingest, inhale or touch . The microorganism levels within this water is high enough to pose a threat, or there is matter that’s unsafe, such as chemicals or urine. This type of water is called water.

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Category 3: 

In this case, the water has been severely contaminated. It contains germs and dangerous toxins. This will consist of raw sewage, also known as black water. It is not merely harmful, but it may be deadly too. 

Remediation in these cases have to be complete, or else there could be a continuing risk to occupants of the building. This type of water comes from sewer backups, polluted water or water which contain unsafe amounts of pesticides and heavy metals.

If remediation is not completed fast, then categories 1 and 2 can turn into category 3. Standing water is a prime spot for germs and bacteria grow and to breed. Spores can turn into mould, which may result in a major health risk. What may have been a very simple and easy cleanup job may turn into something costly and more extensive if not addressed.

The quantity of water which has affected the property has been categorized into four categories by the IICRC.

Class 1: 

This is when the saturation of water is relatively low, or has come into contact with surfaces that are not porous and thus not readily damaged by water. There may be little or even no work or evaporation required to complete the job once the water is removed in the remediation process. 

When water flows onto a concrete or tiled floor, this might be.

Class 2: 

For this category to be applicable, the surfaces changed must be more porous than with the previous category. Water is absorbed into the material, which means there is more potential for harm. After the flood water is removed, there is still a substantial amount of effort that must be put to dry the area. This sometimes happens with wood floors and gypsum board surfaces.

Class 3: 

This is when there is a significant quantity of water that comes into contact with very porous materials. This category requires the maximum quantity of evaporation to make sure the water damage restoration process is followed correctly. When the building is soaked throughout, this is, and rugs and upholstery have absorbed water. Flooded regions that are underground may fall into this category.

Class 4: 

Occasionally, the intruding water can be especially difficult to remove, for an assortment of reasons. This can make the water damage restoration process difficult and may add money and time to the outcome. 

It may be that spaces have flooded to clean, or highly porous materials have been affected by it. Equipment or effort may be required to get the work done properly. This may be when enclosures or any substance have been diluted, or when sewage absorbs into timber floors or the walls of a structure.

The type of water damage and also the classification of the saturation must be made before any work can be performed. Once those are determined, then the water damage restoration contractor can start to repair the damage. 

There are procedures and different processes that have to be followed depending on the type of flooding and damage. Among the most important steps in the process is properly assessing the classification and kind of harm so the right equipment and techniques are used.

Equipment Used in Water Removal

When it comes to water damage restoration and remediation, time is always of the essence. When it’s a commercial or industrial space that has been affected, then it’s crucial to use the proper equipment to dry out the area quickly so the health of the employees is not at risk. There is a wide array of equipment, such as air movers dehumidifiers, and air scrubbers.

Air Movers

Air movers are little washing machines which blow air throughout the region. As the air circulates, it helps to dry the space quickly and efficiently. They can come in a number of sizes. The bigger the air compressor, the stronger it is. They measure that electricity. Specifically, the air mover covers how many cubic feet per minute measure capacity.


Rather than drying out moisture on the surfaces of an area, a dehumidifier removes moisture from the air. Excess moisture can promote the growth of mildew and mould. Dehumidifiers come in many sizes and with many alternatives. A standard unit used in water damage restoration may eliminate approximately 150 pints of water from the air every 24 hours. There are bigger industrial units that can remove up to 225 pints per day, even more. These larger units are referred to as Low Grain Refrigerant Models.

Air Scrubbers

Air scrubbers work to clean the air by eliminating odors and particles that cause them. These are extremely useful when it comes to fire damage restoration, after the flame is extinguished when smoke particles linger in the air. 

With water damage restoration, they are used to get rid of the smells associated with mould and mildew. There are air scrubbers and dry air scrubbers. Wet air scrubbers utilize a filter. 

Particles that are airborne are caught by this and prevents them. Dry air scrubbers have an ionic purifier to perform a similar function.

Common Water Damage Restoration Situations

Sometimes it helps to have an example scenario to correctly grasp the thinking involved and the process that follows. Below are some common scenarios that water damage restoration professionals encounter and what measures they take to practice good security habits and to repair the damage.

When it comes to water damage restoration, there are a lot to know and a lot to consider. It is a job best left to professionals, when a situation involves flooding and contamination.

Water damage restoration contractors and companies must have the proper tools and training to undertake the work safely and effectively. This includes getting it done as economically as possible. They have to be fully educated in not merely the process of repairing water damage, but also in all health and safety measures.

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