Water Removal

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Water Removal

Professional Guide About Water Damage Restoration & Moisture Damage Removal

Best Practices of Water Removal, Damage Restoration, Remediation and Safety

If there’s one disaster that may strike any home in almost any climate or in any elevation, it’s flood damage. There are so many causes that it’s always a risk. It could be from sewer line issues, burst or leaking pipes or perhaps from rain or snowfall. No matter what causes it, flood damage may lead to major damage. 

Water damage restoration professionals can help repair the damage and find any property that is flooded back to normal. There are many regulations and laws which govern water damage restoration. These are set up after the restoration and repair process is finished so that building occupants, business owners, and homeowners may feel safe.

Types of Water Damage

The very best practices of water damage restoration remediation and security are outlined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). They administer the accreditation of the International Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC). 

The IICRC document outlines the principles behind safe and water damage restoration that is ethical. This includes the references for the sources behind the criteria and the measures that a contractor must take. This is a foundation for those principles. It is not meant to offer a detailed process for water damage restoration.

As mentioned, there are numerous potential causes of flooding and water damage. It may be a plumbing issue, such as a burst water pipe or line, a sewer line backup, which may result in wastewater or blackwater into a building, or a natural disaster that causes flooding on the property. Water damage can be put into one of three classifications. These are based on how much pollution there is in the water which has caused the damage to the property. Here is a rundown of those categories.

Category 1: 

The first category relates to water that is usually sanitary and could be safely consumed by someone. There’s absolutely no threat of illness or disease if it touched, is ingested or inhaled. Sources of water for this classification may include all sorts of water that is fresh, rainwater or sprinkler systems.

Category 2: 

For this class, the water can potentially cause a person to get sick were they to ingest, inhale or touch . The microorganism levels within this water is large enough to pose a threat, or there is matter that is unsafe, such as chemicals or urine. This sort of water is called gray water.

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Category 3: 

In this scenario, the water has been severely contaminated. It comprises germs and dangerous toxins. This will include raw sewage, also known as black water. It may be deadly as well, although It’s not merely potentially harmful. 

Remediation in these cases have to be complete, or else there could be a continuing risk to occupants of the building. This sort of water comes from sewer backups, polluted water or water which contain unsafe amounts of pesticides and heavy metals.

If remediation isn’t completed fast, then categories 1 and 2 can turn into class 3. Standing water is a prime spot for bacteria and germs grow and to breed. Spores can turn into mould, which may result in a major health risk. What may have been a very simple and easy cleanup job may turn into something costly and more extensive if not addressed quickly.

The quantity of water which has affected the property has been categorized into four categories by the IICRC.

Class 1: 

This is when the saturation of water is relatively low, or has come into contact with surfaces that are not porous and thus not readily damaged by water. Once the water is removed in the remediation process, there may be little or even evaporation or no work needed to complete the job. 

This might be when water leaks onto a concrete or tiled floor that is sealed.

Class 2: 

For this class to be applicable, the surfaces affected must be more porous than with the previous category. Water is absorbed into the material, which means there’s more potential for damage. There is still a significant amount of effort that must be put to dry the area, after the flood water is removed. This sometimes happens with gypsum board surfaces and wood flooring.

Class 3: 

This is when there’s a significant quantity of water that comes into contact with very porous materials. This category requires the quantity of evaporation to make sure that the water damage restoration process is followed correctly. This is when the building is soaked throughout, and upholstery and carpets have absorbed water. Flooded underground areas may fall into this class.

Class 4: 

Occasionally, the intruding water can be especially difficult to remove, for a variety of reasons. This can make the water damage restoration process difficult and may add time and money to the result. 

It may be that difficult spaces have flooded to clean, or highly porous materials have affected. Effort or equipment may be needed to get the job done properly. This could be when enclosures or any substance have been diluted, or when sewage absorbs into wood flooring or the walls of a building.

The sort of water damage and also the classification of the saturation must be made before any work can be performed. Once those are determined, then the water damage restoration contractor can start to repair the damage. 

There are procedures and different processes that have to be followed depending on the sort of flooding and damage. Among the most important steps in the process is properly assessing the classification and kind of damage so that the right equipment and techniques are used.

Gear Used in Water Removal

When it comes to water damage restoration and remediation, time is always of the essence. When it’s a commercial or industrial space that’s been affected, then it’s crucial to use the appropriate equipment to dry out the area quickly so that the health of the employees is not at risk. There is a wide selection of equipment, such as air scrubbers, air movers, and dehumidifiers.

Air Movers

Air movers are small washing machines which blow air throughout the region. As the air circulates, it helps to dry the space quickly and efficiently. They can come in a number of sizes. The larger the air compressor, the more powerful it is. They measure that electricity. Specifically, capacity is measured by the air mover covers how many cubic feet per minute.


Rather than drying out moisture on the surfaces of an area, a dehumidifier removes moisture from the air. Excess moisture can promote the growth of mould and mildew. Dehumidifiers come in many sizes and with several options. A standard unit used in water damage restoration may eliminate approximately 150 pints of water in the air every 24 hours. There are industrial units that could remove even more. These larger units are referred to as Low Grain Refrigerant Models.

Air Scrubbers

Air scrubbers work to clean the air by eliminating odors and particles that cause them. These are extremely useful when it comes to fire damage restoration, after the flame is extinguished when smoke particles linger in the air. 

With water damage restoration, they are used to eliminate the smells associated with mildew and mould. There are dry air scrubbers and air scrubbers. Wet air scrubbers utilize a filter that is wet. 

Particles that are airborne are caught by this and prevents them. Dry air scrubbers have an ionic purifier to perform a similar function.

Common Water Damage Restoration Situations

Sometimes it helps to have an example situation to properly grasp the thinking involved and the process that follows. Below are some common situations that water damage restoration professionals encounter and what measures they take to practice good security habits and to repair the damage.

When it comes to water damage restoration, there are a lot to know and a lot to consider. It is a job best left to professionals, when a situation involves potential contamination and flooding.

Water damage restoration contractors and companies must have the proper tools and training to undertake the job safely and effectively. This includes getting it done as economically as possible. They have to be fully educated in not merely the process of repairing water damage, but also in all health and safety measures.

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